Critical Introduction to Phonetics (Continuum Critical by Ken Lodge

By Ken Lodge

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Extra resources for Critical Introduction to Phonetics (Continuum Critical Introductions to Linguistics)

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1 Stops The most extreme occlusion of the airstream is a complete stoppage of it. We saw this above in the case of the glottal stop, but, of course, this is made in the 33 34 A Critical Introduction to Phonetics larynx, not in the mouth, so should be classified as a type of phonation. ) The same principle applies in the mouth, however, though in most cases the mechanism is more complicated than for the glottal stop. 8. Try saying [n] and holding it for a long time; you should be able to become aware of the side contact as well as the contact on the alveolar ridge.

It should be pointed out here that the term syllable is an abstract, phonological notion with no reliable phonetic markers. 4. Languages vary in the number of moving vowels they use. Some, such as Japanese and Turkish, do not use any; others, such as English, use quite a large 43 44 A Critical Introduction to Phonetics number along with monophthongs. So, all languages have monophthongal vocoid articulations, only some use diphthongs and triphthongs. For the most part we have so far been dealing with the identification and description of a set of idealized articulations and have said nothing about how we describe and transcribe actually occurring vocoid articulations in various languages, including English, though note that in some of the transcriptions of English used so far symbols not included in the vowel diagrams presented in this section have been used.

We have just presented a phonological analysis for this bit of French, not a phonetic description. The term glide is also used in such cases. 11. 13 [j] 37 38 A Critical Introduction to Phonetics To keep phonetic and phonological terms completely apart, it is possible to retain the terms contoid/vocoid for phonetic descriptions and consonant/ vowel for phonological classifications of the kind we looked at in French above, but not many linguists subscribe to this practice. 4 Vocoids So far I have used the term Vowel' when describing this set of sounds, but now I want to introduce a phonetically more specific term: vocoid.

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