By Kathleen Deagan, José María Cruxent
In 1493 Christopher Columbus led a fleet of 17 ships and greater than 1200 males to came across a royal buying and selling colony in the USA. Columbus had excessive hopes for his payment, which he named los angeles Isabela after the queen of Spain, yet simply 5 years later it used to be in ruins. It is still vital, even if, because the first web site of ecu cost in the United States and the 1st position of sustained interplay among Europeans and the indigenous Tainos. Kathleen Deagan and Jose Maria Cruxent inform the tale of this old company. Drawing on their ten-year archaeological research of the location of los angeles Isabela, besides study into Columbus-era records, they distinction Spanish expectancies of the USA with the particular occasions and residing stipulations at America's first ecu city. Deagan and Cruxent argue that l. a. Isabela failed now not simply because Columbus was once a terrible planner yet simply because his imaginative and prescient of the United States used to be grounded in eu event and will no longer be sustained within the face of the realities of yankee existence. Explaining that the unique Spanish monetary and social frameworks for colonization needed to be altered in the United States based on the yankee panorama and the non-elite Spanish and Taino those that occupied it, they make clear higher questions of yank colonialism and the advance of Euro-American cultural id.
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Additional resources for Columbus's Outpost among the Taínos: Spain and America at La Isabela, 1493-1498
Representations of zemis — images of spirit protectors — include both males and females with exaggerated sex organs, and chastity appears not to have been particularly valued for either men or women. 32 * relucta n t h ost s Towns and Dwellings Taíno settlements ranged from small hamlets to very large towns. ”35 Las Casas described Taíno towns and their houses: The towns of these islands were not well laid out in streets. Beyond that, the house of the King or Lord of the town was in the principal place or location, and in front of the royal house in all of them was a large well-swept and well-leveled plaza, longer rather than square.
One basic restricting factor was vocabulary; the utter newness of the Taínos to Europeans made it impossible for chroniclers to describe them except by analogy to what they already knew, which led to their casting (and consequently obscuring) the initial characterizations of Taínos in European, biblical, and classical terms. 6 Given these caveats, let us attempt to summarize the ethnohistorical and archaeological information relevant to understanding the people of Hispaniola who met Columbus on the ﬁrst and second voyages.
Buil accompanied the colonizing expedition to La Isabela as a representative of the Catholic Kings and the pope with the triple charge of initiating conversion of the American Indians, overseeing ministrations to the spiritual needs of the Spaniards in America, and keeping an eye on Columbus. Various authors have documented (or suggested) the identities of the twelve members of Buil’s religious contingent (presumably selected by him). They included the Franciscan priests Juan de la Duela, Juan de Tisín, Antonio de Marchena, Rodrigo Pérez, and Juan Pérez, as well as a Fray Jorge, who is thought to have been the comendador of the Order of Santiago.