By Zbigniew W. Kundzewicz
Floods are the main well-known ordinary possibility in Europe. Has flood hazard elevated within the continent? How, the place, and why? Are weather switch affects obvious? How do socio-economic traits and linked land-use and land-cover switch impression flood threat? This ebook considers nationwide and nearby views on flood chance switch, detection and attribution of swap, and the re-insurer's viewpoint.
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Extra resources for Changes in Flood Risk in Europe
02, 2011. html. UNESCO/WMO (1992) International Glossary of Hydrology, 2nd edn. UNESCO/WMO, 413 pp. WMO (World Meteorological Organization) (1998) Guide to Hydrological Practices (5th edn). WMO, Geneva, 735 pp. 3 Catalogue of Large Floods in Europe in the 20th Century ADAM CHORYŃSKI1, IWONA PIŃSKWAR1, WOLFGANG KRON2, G. ROBERT BRAKENRIDGE3 & ZBIGNIEW W. 1 INTRODUCTION AND OUTLINE Floods attract broad interest and media coverage. Despite the billions invested in flood defences, floods continue to destroy and kill.
Insurance reduces the material losses due to flooding. Householders can insure against damage to their property and possessions. Commercial organizations can also insure against the physical damage, but, in addition, they can insure against the loss of profits resulting from a flood event. In Europe, there is a range of different mechanisms of insurance provision. In some countries, insurance is provided by insurance companies and can be purchased by householders as an additional risk added to their usual household policies, or flood cover is automatically included in standard household insurance policies.
Anticipating changes in demography, wealth and future use of the flood plain over a longer time horizon is even more difficult than estimating design events. 1 Protect–Accommodate–Retreat There are three basic adaptation strategies for coping with floods (Kundzewicz & Schellnhuber, 2004): – Protect (as far as technically possible and financially feasible, bearing in mind that absolute protection cannot be achieved); 20 Changes in Flood Risk in Europe – – Accommodate (living with floods); and Retreat (relocate from flood-risky to flood-safe areas).