By Sakiko Fukuda-Parr, Carlos Lopes, Mark Malloch Braun
'The United international locations process used to be a pioneer within the box of technical cooperation, and ability improvement is its principal mandate. UNDP has lengthy performed a massive management function in either, as a resource of technical cooperation money and advisory providers and because the domestic of leading edge highbrow examine and research on tips to cause them to extra effective and potent. This ebook [presents] a imaginative and prescient that builds on new chances for knowledge-sharing, for which the revolution in info and communications applied sciences deals considerable opportunities... a imaginative and prescient that's firmly based on actual possession via the last word beneficiaries of improvement efforts: the govt and electorate of constructing international locations'
From the Foreword via MARK MALLOCH BROWN, Administrator, UNDP
Capacity for improvement brings jointly leading edge and well-supported reports of technical cooperation in addition to its strength to construct sustainable capacities in constructing nations, by means of bettering the data, talents and effective aptitudes in their populations.
A workforce of eminent improvement pros and economists study the achievements of technical cooperation and supply options for reform within the context of globalization, democratisation, the knowledge revolution and the expansion of capacities within the South. They examine the problems from 3 views: possession, potential enablers and data. The workforce express how the advanced procedures concerned will be restructured to supply neighborhood involvement and empowerment, set out a normative framework for the enter from society, and describe a brand new paradigm of data for skill development within the community age.
This booklet could be crucial studying for all improvement execs and policy-makers, in addition to supplying a useful learn and educating source.
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Additional info for Capacity for Development: New Solutions to Old Problems
2). Transformation should focus not on the dismantling of entrenched institutions and capacities, but on the judicious management of the development process to create a social environment that sustains and enriches new social structures and alignments conducive to a modern society. In periods of rapid change, there is bound to be profound misalignment among the three components, making transformation management a daunting task. Development policy has to be concerned Towards a normative framework: Technical cooperation, capacities and development with all three, not only to ensure their proper transformation but to align them together to realize effective development.
Several development thinkers have argued that the structural adjustment policies promoted by the World Bank not only negatively affected the first two capacity categories but in the end reduced social capital by changing some of the basic social dynamics. In cases such as Rwanda and Guinea Bissau, this led to open conflict. Sharp reduction in aid has in cases like Liberia and Sierra Leone also been identified as among the causes of conflict. More than ever, country conditions need to be better understood so that international aid efforts are not only better targeted but also contribute to polices that that more likely to have some useful impact.
To be helpful, TC has to be transformed into national policies, strategies and programmes. And to be effective, the proposed policies and programmes have to have positive development impact. This requires an assessment of the value of the knowledge transfer mechanisms used in the aid and TC markets. That the traditional donor-recipient and TC-counterpart models have not worked well is amply documented. In 1993, these issues were the subject of an important book by Elliot Berg and UNDP. Yet, as is argued in this chapter and as the World Bank (2000) also acknowledges, it is difficult to impose change from the outside.