Buccaneers of the Caribbean: How Piracy Forged An Empire by Jon Latimer

By Jon Latimer

In the course of the 17th century, sea raiders often called buccaneers managed the Caribbean. Buccaneers weren't pirates yet privateers, authorized to assault the Spanish via the governments of britain, France, and Holland. Jon Latimer charts the exploits of those males who few principles as they cast new empires. missing potent naval energy, the English, French, and Dutch constructed privateering because the technique of keeping their younger New international colonies. They constructed a sort of semi-legal deepest conflict, frequently conducted despite political advancements at the different part of the Atlantic, yet often with tacit approval from London, Paris, and Amsterdam. Drawing on letters, diaries, and memoirs of such figures as William Dampier, Sieur Raveneau de Lussan, Alexander Oliver Exquemelin, and Basil Ringrose, Jon Latimer portrays an international of madcap adventurers, daredevil seafarers, and unsafe rogues. Piet Hein of the Dutch West India corporation captured, off the coast of Cuba, the Spanish treasure fleet, weighted down with American silver, and funded the Dutch for 8 months of their struggle opposed to Spain. The change from tobacco to sugar remodeled the Caribbean, and everybody scrambled for a fast revenue within the slave exchange. Oliver Cromwell’s ludicrous Western Design—a grand scheme to overcome primary America—fizzled spectacularly, whereas the astonishing prosperity of Jamaica set England solidly at the street to empire. The notorious Henry Morgan carried out a dramatic raid during the tropical jungle of Panama that resulted in the burning of Panama urban. From the crash of gunfire to the billowing sail at the horizon, Latimer brilliantly inspires the dramatic age of the buccaneers. (20090601)

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It approached to within thirty miles of the Lizard before being struck by another powerful storm on  October , which sank twenty-eight of the vessels.  Fortunately for Elizabeth and England, Felipe was dying and Spain’s finances were on the verge of collapse. The war drew to a close through exhaustion on both sides, with distractions taking place elsewhere, such as the rebellion in Ireland of Hugh O’Neill, Earl of Tyrone. In  the crown passed to Felipe III, a man of pacifist leanings who longed to end the seemingly interminable wars.

With the succession in  of the pious and pacific King James VI of Scotland as King James     I of England, the ‘wisest fool in Christendom’ was wise enough to seek peace, and a conference was soon convened headed by Lord Howard on the English side. Supported by Sir Robert Cecil, Howard proposed that England be allowed to trade freely with the Indies and to set up bases in the Caribbean to that end, although he knew that Spain would never accept this; eventually the English moderated their demands as James made plain his desire to avoid foreign conflicts.

A couple of -ton warships would be sufficient to deal with these invaders, he thought, but six months later he was still raging that he lacked the strength to prevent them ranging the length of his coasts.  When Felipe III died in  he was succeeded by his son, the dissolute young Felipe IV, a curious character who mixed religious bigotry with a love of music and bullfighting.  To start with they decided to dispense with the Dutch truce, as it seemed to Olivares that there was nothing to prevent the Spanish armies in Flanders from sweeping through the United Provinces.

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