Brain, Mind and Consciousness in the History of Neuroscience by C.U.M. Smith, Harry Whitaker

By C.U.M. Smith, Harry Whitaker

This quantity of essays examines the matter of brain, taking a look at how the matter has looked as if it would neuroscientists (in the widest experience) from classical antiquity via to modern occasions. starting with a glance at ventricular neuropsychology in antiquity, this publication is going directly to examine Spinozan principles at the hyperlinks among brain and physique, Thomas Willis and the root of Neurology, Hooke’s mechanical version of the brain and Joseph Priestley’s method of the mind-body problem.

The quantity bargains a bankruptcy at the nineteenth century Ottoman standpoint on western considering. additional chapters hint the paintings of 19th century students together with George Henry Lewes, Herbert Spencer and Emil du Bois-Reymond. The e-book covers major paintings from the 20 th century, together with an exam of Alfred North Whitehead and the background of attention, and specific cognizance is given to the improvement of quantum recognition. Chapters on slavery and the self and the improvement of an figuring out of Dualism carry this exam modern at the newest twenty first century paintings within the field.

At the center of this ebook is the problem of ways we outline the matter of cognizance itself: has there been any development in our figuring out of the operating of brain and mind? This paintings on the interface among technology and the arts will attract specialists from throughout many fields who desire to advance their knowing of the matter of realization, together with students of Neuroscience, Behavioural technological know-how and the background of Science.

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1007/978-94-017-8774-1_2, © Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014 21 W. Meehan 22 from that of the Cartesians and Empiricists that an account of the role of his ideas in the history of science, and specifically of the mind and brain sciences, does not fit well into what might be considered the canonical narrative. 1 Recently, the limitations of the Cartesian/Empiricist approach have led many neuroscientists, particularly those working on consciousness and mind/brain relationships, to consider quite Spinoza-like models,2 and one major researcher, Antonio Damasio3 has explicitly acknowledged Spinoza as a major influence on his work.

Another contemporary neuroscientist, Marc Jeannerod,77 presents evidence supporting a simulation theory according to which the mind creates images of external objects in terms of the neural patterns necessary to interact with those objects: what he calls action images. Ralph Ellis and Naktia Newton78 have further argued that the mind’s repertoire of action images includes not only the neural traces of actualized interactions with the external world, but also the traces of motor commands that were inhibited before they could be activated.

Second, Spinoza will argue that particular minds 18 Curley 1969. Garrett 2002. 20 Meehan 2009. , Descartes 1662/1996c; Gaukroger 1995. 22 Willis 1683/1971. 23 Gassendi 1972. 19 2 Return of the Repressed: Spinozan Ideas in the History of the Mind and Brain Sciences 27 (with a lowercase “m”) are the ideas of particular bodies (E2p13,13s), and by saying that a simple body is intelligible in terms of its conatus or essence, he is identifying the idea or “mind” of that body. The notion that there could be a “mind” of a simple moving body or particle, in and of itself, may seem incoherent, but it is important to bear in mind that, for Spinoza, nothing is ever just in and of itself; it is always part of something else.

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