By Mohamed Sami Anwar
The amount makes an attempt to house equational sentences in Egyptian Colloquial Arabic and their distant constitution. during this detailed monograph Mohamed Sami Anwar oes to teach that equational sentences in Egyptian Colloquial Arabic are derived from underlying sentences that experience transitive or intransitive verbs and that the verb be in its overt shape is barely a stressful marker. The bankruptcy following the creation offers with the equational sentences functioning as conveyers of stative principles. The 3rd bankruptcy offers with the verb be in Egyptian Colloquial Arabic and the way it capabilities merely as a stressful marker. The fourth bankruptcy is an research of decision as regards the topic and why every so often the predicate, on the floor constitution, has to take place prior to the topic. the ultimate bankruptcy offers with the predicate slot and its sorts of fillers, and analyzes additionally the distant constitution of the equational sentences to interpret the phenomenon of the presence and lack of contract in quantity and gender among the topic and the predicate.
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Additional info for Be and Equational Sentences in Egyptian Colloquial Arabic
I can say: illi sākin hina best teacher English who living here has a car. ' But I cannot say: (50) * mudarris illi sākin hina ʕandu ʕrba. il- mudarrisīn 'teachers', 'the': etc. walad 'boy', kursi 'chair', With these subjects the use of fīh 'there' is obligatory: (51) fīh mudarrisīn 'there kuwayyisīn. ' Without fīh, the construction: (52) mudarrīsīn kuwayyisīn. is only a noun phrase meaning 'good teachers'. If fīh is used in the sentence and the predicate is a prepositional phrase, the subject-predicate permutation is optional: (53) a.
4 Proper nouns such as sārni 'Sami', masr 'Egypt', etc. (21) sārni ț ā l i b . ' (22) masr gamīla. ' The proper nouns used here are those that appear in configuration (2) above where they are interpreted as having a definite determiner that has no phonetic value: However, there are exceptions to this rule. ilʕirā? ilqāhira etc. It may be argued that some of these proper names that have the definite article may "mean" something. izzayyāt For ex (a person's name) may mean 'the black', (a person's name), 'the oiler', 'Algeria' may mean 'the islands' and so on.
The structural change in (61) shows that the tense in which the verb be does not appear is the present tense and that the present tense is the unmarked tense. " (p. 3 To form the past and the future forms resulting from the structural change of (61) the following PS rule for tense will be used: (62) a. Tense b. a 'became' are introduced only as dummy carriers of tense. James Adin Snow (1965) has nearly the same rule: "The temporal point of reference ... " (p. 1 4 ) . To show how the above tense rules in (62) are used, I will deal with the following equational sentence: (63) huwwa misāfir.