Basque Phonology (Interface Series) by Jose? Ignacio Hualde

By Jose? Ignacio Hualde

This ebook is the 1st accomplished therapy of the phonological process of Basque to be had in English. Basque is a morphologically wealthy and reasonably normal language with a few energetic phonological principles which are constrained to definite morphological environments. furthermore, it has a excessive measure of dialectical fragmentation. those features of Basque make this language a very good try flooring to enquire the interplay of phonological principles either with one another and with morphological procedures, which the writer does in the Lexical Phonology framework. the consequences of rule interplay on characteristic geometry are an immense main issue - how phonological operations adjust underlying buildings and the way the constructions created by means of one phonological rule can function enter to different ideas. those results are tested in a examine of the relatively bizarre behaviour of Basque affricates. one other sector which calls for specific consciousness, and within which Basque dialects fluctuate broadly, is prosody. in addition to stress-accent structures of alternative forms, Basque additionally possesses pitch-accent or constrained tonal structures in a few of its western dialects. This publication may be of curiosity to complicated scholars and academics of linguistics, particularly Romance linguistics and lexical phonology.

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Thus, for instance, when the ergative /-k/ is added to jikusi-ta/ [ikusitse] 'seen', we obtain [ikusitsak], not *[ikusitsek]. Another test case would be the diminutive /-ska/ found in Baztan. g. [mendiskatik], not *[mendisketik] 'from the little mountain'. Unfortunately this diminutive suffix is not used in Ondarroa. From the evidence that we do have, however, it seems that we can safely conclude that for the low vowel of a suffix to be an eligible target for vowel assimilation it is not enough for it to be word-final at some stage in the derivation; but, rather, it must be word-final after all suffixation has taken place.

Thus, for instance, when the ergative /-k/ is added to jikusi-ta/ [ikusitse] 'seen', we obtain [ikusitsak], not *[ikusitsek]. Another test case would be the diminutive /-ska/ found in Baztan. g. [mendiskatik], not *[mendisketik] 'from the little mountain'. Unfortunately this diminutive suffix is not used in Ondarroa. From the evidence that we do have, however, it seems that we can safely conclude that for the low vowel of a suffix to be an eligible target for vowel assimilation it is not enough for it to be word-final at some stage in the derivation; but, rather, it must be word-final after all suffixation has taken place.

In most Basque dialects, long vowels are rare or non-existent. As mentioned before, a peculiar characteristic of the Arbizu dialect and other varieties in the same geographical area is a well developed length contrast in vowels. The historical origin of the long vowels is as follows. A common optional rule of Basque is the deletion of [p, o, Y, r] intervocalically inside a word. This rule became obligatory for a large number of items in Arbizu, with the consequent disappearance of the consonant from the underlying representation.

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