By Carolyn Merchant
Self sufficient Nature investigates the historical past of nature as an energetic, frequently unruly strength in pressure with nature as a rational, logical order from precedent days to the medical Revolution of the 17th century. in addition to next advances in mechanics, hydrodynamics, thermodynamics, and electromagnetism, nature got here to be perceived as an orderly, rational, actual international that may be engineered, managed, and controlled. independent Nature specializes in the historical past of unpredictability, why it was once an issue for the traditional international throughout the medical Revolution, and why it's a challenge for this present day. The paintings is decided within the context of vignettes approximately unpredictable occasions corresponding to the eruption of Mt. Vesuvius, the Bubonic Plague, the Lisbon Earthquake, and efforts to appreciate and are expecting the elements and ordinary mess ups. This e-book is a perfect textual content for classes at the surroundings, environmental background, historical past of technological know-how, or the philosophy of technology.
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Extra resources for Autonomous Nature: Problems of Prediction and Control From Ancient Times to the Scientific Revolution
The ethical question involves the choices that humans make in leading the good life and how those choices can be justified. 24 Autonomous Nature These questions set up major problems for Greeks, Romans, early Christians and beyond. Especially important were dichotomies and dialectics that existed between the concepts of order/disorder; stability/chaos; lawful/unruly; permanence/change; perpetuity/turmoil; creation/annihilation; good/evil. How did nature as an active, creative force come into conflict with nature as an unchanging, lawful order?
I thank Heinrich von Staden for these citations and for assistance with the interpretation. Francis Bacon, De Augmentis, in Works, ed. James B. Spedding, Robert Leslie Ellis, and Douglas Devon Heath, 14 vols. (London: Longmans Green, 1868–1901), Bk. 2, Ch. 298. 500. 16 Bacon, Novum Organum (1620) in Works, op. 4, Bk. 95 (Latin, vol. I, Bk. 29 (Latin, vol. 775–776 (Latin, vol. 651–652). 17 Marcus Fabius Calvus van Ravenna was an author and translator of the works of Hippocrates. He first translated the Hippocratic Corpus into Latin in Rome, 1525.
1 (January 1980): 3–39, esp. 4. 9–10. ; Ian Hacking, The Emergence of Probability: A Philosophical Study of Early Ideas about Probability, Induction, and Statistical Inference (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006); Stephen M. Stigler, The History of Statistics: The Measurement of Uncertainty Before 1900 (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1986); Laura J. Snyder, Reforming Philosophy: A Victorian Debate on Science and Society (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2006). 24 Simberloff, “Succession of Paradigms in Ecology,” op.