Auditory Perception of Sound Sources (Springer Handbook of by William A. Yost, Richard R. Fay

By William A. Yost, Richard R. Fay

This quantity covers the higher-level auditory approaches which are a part of animal conception. The chapters describe how people and different animals understand the sounds that they obtain from the numerous sound resources latest on this planet. This e-book offers an summary of parts of present learn concerned with knowing how sound-source choice strategies function. It specializes in psychophysics and conception in addition to being suitable to easy auditory research.

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Sample text

Similarly small JNDs are obtained for frequency shifts in harmonic complexes (Moore et al. 1984) and synthetic vowels (Flanagan and Saslow 1958). The frequency ratios among partials have been identified as a cue to object shape and manner of support; however, only one study, to the author’s knowledge, has measured differential sensitivity for the frequency ratio between simultaneously presented tones. Fantini and Viemeister (1987) used a twointerval, forced-choice procedure in which the base frequency of simultaneous tone pairs was randomized to encourage listeners to make within-pair comparisons of tone frequencies.

2. 6) where An is the amplitude of the nth partial as in Eq. 2), P is the time integral of the impact force, and the n are as given in Eq. 3b) (Morse and Ingard 1968, p. 185). Note first the relation of amplitudes to the quantities and Q associated with the material of the bar. We know that the natural frequencies grow with the ratio of these quantities (Eq. 3a]), but the amplitudes according to Eq. , iron vs. wood). For a constant applied force, the amplitudes also depend on the geometry of the bar, increasing with length l, but decreasing with cross-sectional area S and the modulus of gyration .

The material pairs yielding the targeted performance levels were nominally iron versus silver, steel, or copper; and glass versus crystal, quartz, or aluminum. Though these pairs shared similar physical and acoustical properties, the sounds for each pair were clearly discriminable from one another. 2. Human Sound Source Identification 33 Moreover, a detection-theoretic analysis indicated that performance could have been much better had the information in the sounds been used optimally. Two interpretations have been given for the less-than-optimal performance observed in the classification of material.

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