By Mark J. Edwards, Martin Goodman, Simon Price, Chris Rowland
This e-book is a finished survey of the discussion among pagans, Jews, and Christians within the Roman empire as much as the time while Constantine declared himself a Christian. each one bankruptcy is written by means of a exotic pupil and is dedicated to a unmarried textual content or staff of texts with the purpose of opting for the possible viewers, the literary milieu, and the conditions that ended in this type of writing.
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Extra resources for Apologetics in the Roman Empire.Pagans Jews and Christians
236±58). 56 Lindars, New Testament Apologetics, is the classic treatment of this material. Gerhardsson's picture (Memory and Manuscript) of the collegia apostolorum in Jerusalem busily engaged in exegesis may be over-simpli®ed, but (as Lindars shows) Paul's letters show that there undoubtedly was intensive exegetical activity going on somewhere in the church's ®rst few decades. 55 The Acts of the Apostles 41 The latter, however, takes us out of the study and on to the streets. Time and again, it is the activity of the Spirit (tongues, healings, visions) which is appealed to as the decisive argument in apologetic speech.
MargueÂrat, `Dieu'. one) of Paul's argument in Gal. 3: 2±5. 37 For a broader understanding of the role of exegetical argument in early Christian apologetic, cf. Lindars, New Testament Apologetics; Hays, Echoes of Scripture. The Acts of the Apostles 31 This ®rst hearing issues in a warning injunction `not to speak or teach at all in the name of Jesus' (4: 18), and it is this injunctionÐ and the apostles' refusal to obey itÐwhich forms the basis for subsequent judicial proceedings (5: 28). 38 In refusing to obey the Sanhedrin, Peter implicitly questions its moral authority and lays claim, as so many philosophers had done from Socrates onward, to a higher allegiance: `We must obey God rather than men' (5: 29, cf.
The charge is originally described as the serious one of bringing Gentiles into the Temple beyond the permitted limits (21: 28), which would, if proved, have merited the death penalty; the narrator, unusually, makes sure that the readers know that this accusation was unfounded (21: 29). But it is the more general charge of `speaking everywhere against the people and the law and this place' (21: 28, cf. 21: 21) which sets the tone for the subsequent series of hearings: Paul's defence speeches make no kind of answer to speci®c charges, but present an extended narrative reprise of his whole career, and especially of the divine The Acts of the Apostles 37 inspiration for the Gentile mission (22: 3±21; 26: 2±23).