Alexander Histories and Iranian Reflections: Remnants of by Parivash Jamzadeh

By Parivash Jamzadeh

Alexander the Great's army crusade to overcome the Achaemenid empire integrated a propaganda crusade to persuade the Iranians his kingship used to be appropriate with their spiritual and cultural norms. This crusade proved such a success that the overt reveal of Alexander's Iranian and Zoroastrian personal tastes alienated a few of his Greek and Macedonian allies. Parivash Jamzadeh indicates how this unique propaganda fabric displayed a number of layers of Iranian affects. also she demonstrates that the studied resources don't regularly provide a correct account of the modern Iranian customs, and infrequently integrated historic inaccuracies. probably the most attention-grabbing unearths during this examine is the confusion of historic resources that arose among the rivals Darius III and Alexander. Jamzadeh argues that the Iranian propaganda concerning Alexander the good has contributed to this confusion.

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Extra info for Alexander Histories and Iranian Reflections: Remnants of Propaganda and Resistance

Example text

My father was killed by assassins whom you had sent as you yourself boasted in your letters. With Bagoas’ help you killed Arses and thus seized the throne unjustly and illegally according to Persian law. You tried to entice the Greeks against me and sent money to the Lacedaemonians and other Greeks. Your agents corrupted my friends and tried to destroy the peace I had established in Greece. Therefore, I took up arms against you. But you started the quarrel. I defeated your generals and satraps and now yourself and your army.

And in the future address me as the king of all Asia. And not as your equal. Everything you possess is now mine. 9 Further on in time we learn of another envoy from Darius when Alexander is busy with the siege of Tyre. They offer 10,000 talents in exchange for his mother, wife and children. They also proposed that all the territory west of Euphrates up to the Aegean sea be Alexander’s and he should marry Darius’ daughter and become his friend and ally. Alexander responds that all Asia and its treasures was already his property, and if he wished to marry Darius’ daughter he would do so, no matter what Darius desired.

6. 127 Plutarch, Alexander XXI. 4; Plutarch, Fortuna 338; cf. Arrian IV. 19. 6; Curtius IV. X. 24; Justin XI. XII. 131 Plutarch records this incident after Alexander’s refusal of a generous peace offer from Darius, in return for the release of his women folk. 132 The main interest and primary emphasis of the sources, is Darius’ reaction to the news of his wife’s death; his initial suspicion of Alexander and latter profound gratitude on learning of his gentlemanly behaviour. His speech following this understanding culminates to his conceding kingship to Alexander basically because of his conduct towards the king’s wife.

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