By Nelson Butters
• Edit date: 1980 • writer: educational Press. Inc • ISBN: 0-12-148380-0 • writer: Nelson Butters/Laird S. Cermak • Preface/Forward: through the authors • No. Pages: 188
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Additional info for Alcoholic Korsakoff's Syndrome. An Information-Processing Approach to Amnesia
This presentation was followed immediately by a second task that was designed to prevent rehearsal of the TBR material. After 3-18 sec of this distracting activity, the subject was asked to try to recall the stimulus item. In this way, the course of forgetting the CCC could be tracked by testing its retention at various time intervals. 1). This led them to their conclusion that decay was the principle cause of forgetting in STM. The error of their assumption was quickly pointed out by Keppel 22 2.
On this second trial, the patient is asked to anticipate which response will be paired with each stimulus. He does this when the stimulus is presented alone, and, as the items are not presented in the same order from trial to trial, he is told to learn the pairings and not the order of presentation. The patient generally continues to be shown the list until he can correctly anticipate each response on one trial (or, sometimes, on two consecutive trials). The measures of learning that are usually computed are the number of trials to criterion, or the number of correct responses at the end of a fixed number of trials.
Imagery improves even recognition results, however, so its facilitating effect is all the more impressive. SERIAL LEARNING One of the first formal investigations of Korsakoff patients' serial learning was an experiment by Baddeley and Warrington (1970) in which patients were presented with a sequence of 10 unrelated words and were asked to recall them in any order. 3, the amnesic patients had grossly impaired recall performance for the early items of the list. As described in Chapter 2, these items are thought to be drawn from L T M .