Air pollution and freshwater ecosystems : sampling, by Timothy J Sullivan

By Timothy J Sullivan

A sensible e-book for execs who depend upon water caliber facts for selection making, this ebook relies on 3 a long time event of 3 hugely released water and watershed source pros. It specializes in the research of pollution delicate waters and the ensuing results linked to soil and water acidification, nutrient-N enrichment, or the results of atmospherically deposited poisonous components. It additionally covers lake zooplankton and/or circulate macroinvertebrate biomonitors. motives of the explanations in the back of numerous thoughts supply readers with the instruments had to adjust suggested protocols to compare specific examine wishes and price range.

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Xxviii Acronyms and Abbreviations HCO3− bicarbonate HDPE high-density polyethylene Hg mercury JHA job hazard analysis K+ potassium LDPE low-density polyethylene LIMS Laboratory Information Management System LTM long-term monitoring µeq/L microequivalents per liter μg/L micrograms per liter μM micromoles per liter μS/cm microsiemens per centimeter m meter MAGIC Model of Acidification of Groundwater in Catchments; a watershed ion balance model Mg2+ magnesium ml milliliters MPV most probable value N nitrogen Na+ sodium NAD North American Datum NH4+ ammonium NLA National Lake Assessment NO3− nitrate NRIS National Resource Information System NSWS National Surface Water Survey NTU nephelometric turbidity units P phosphorus PCB polychlorinated biphenyl PCU platinum cobalt units PFD personal flotation device PnET-BGC Photosynthesis and Evapotranspiration–Biogeochemistry model; a model of water, carbon, and nitrogen balance coupled with a biogeochemistry model ppm parts per million QA/QC quality assurance/quality control QCCS quality control check sample S sulfur SBC sum of the base cations Si silicon SO42− sulfate SOP standard operating procedure SRP soluble reactive phosphorus SSN sample serial number STAR Science to Achieve Results Acronyms and Abbreviations STORET TIME TOC TSS USFS WSS WTRS lake/stream STOrage RETrieval (water quality database maintained by the US EPA) Temporally Integrated Monitoring of Ecosystems program total organic carbon total suspended solids US Forest Service Wadeable Stream Survey surface water sample depth zone water surface and water subsurface xxix Glossary acid anion: Negatively charged ion that does not react with hydrogen ion in the pH range of most natural waters.

Acidification, eutrophication, toxicity). Ecosystems are highly complex and simply cannot be represented by a handful of variables. 1; Sullivan and Herlihy 2007). The recommended AQRVs and sensitive receptors summarized here are broadly applicable and reflect a range of aquatic effects of atmospheric deposition. Identification of these receptors and indicators helps determine the approaches that will be needed for inventory and monitoring. Detailed protocols should be an important part of any resource characterization or monitoring program intended to evaluate atmospheric deposition impacts on AQRVs.

What are the approaches most appropriate for meeting those sampling requirements? •• What are the standard operating procedures (SOPs) to implement those protocols? 4). Unless each of these questions is addressed, there is risk that the sampling program will fail to yield the data required to meet the program’s needs. This book provides guidance regarding how to answer such questions. The most important aspect of any inventory and monitoring plan is specification of the objectives and questions to be answered using the resulting data.

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