By Brian H. Bornstein, Monica K. Miller
As with its esteemed predecessor, this well timed quantity deals methods of utilizing mental wisdom to deal with urgent issues in criminal tactics and almost certainly to minimize felony offending. In such components as interrogations, specialist testimony, facts admissibility, and the “death qualification” procedure in capital trials, participants provide clinical bases for traits in suspect, witness, and juror habit and establish these practices susceptible to impinge on simply results. concepts span a variety of examine, perform, and coverage components, from larger methods to review to leading edge techniques for decreasing recidivism. The interdisciplinary views of those chapters shed salient mild on either the achieve of the problems and probabilities for intervening to enhance the functioning of the justice system.
Among the themes coated:
· The validity of pleading guilty.
· The impression of feelings on juror judgments and selection making.
· The content material, objective, and results of professional testimony on interrogation practices and suspect confessions.
· an artificial standpoint at the own-race bias in eyewitness identification.
· Risk-reducing interventions for justice-involved individuals.
· felony justice and mental views on deterring gangs.
As a method to spur examine and dialogue, and to encourage extra collaboration among the fields, quantity 2 of Advances in Psychology and Law will curiosity and intrigue researchers and practitioners in law-psychology in addition to training lawyers, trial specialists, and medical psychologists.
Read Online or Download Advances in Psychology and Law: Volume 2 PDF
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Extra resources for Advances in Psychology and Law: Volume 2
1999). ). Washington, DC: American Bar Association. Anderson, S. , & Hewitt, J. (2002). The effect of competency restoration training on defendants with mental retardation found not competent to proceed. Law and Human Behavior, 26, 343–351. S. district court judges. (2013). 6th Edn. Federal Judicial Center. pdf Bibas, S. (2003). Harmonizing substantive criminal law values and criminal procedure: The case of Alford and Nolo Contendere pleas. Cornell Law Review, 88, 1361–1412. Bibas, S. (2004). Plea bargaining outside the shadow of trial.
Finally, they were more likely to perceive the defendant unfavorably, perceive the defendant as not able to be rehabilitated in prison, perceive the defendant as less likeable, and believe that information about the impact on family was relevant in the trial and should be used by the jury (Butler 2008). A. Yelderman et al. that death qualiﬁcation influences the way in which individuals perceive and evaluate various people during the trial process (see also Haney 2005). Because death qualiﬁcation both increases negative perceptions of the defendant and increases positive perceptions of the victim(s), it is relatively easy to conclude that death qualiﬁcation biases jurors’ attitudes against the defendant.
In yet another case it was acceptable for the trial judge to ask the defendant leading and suggestive questions requiring only a yes or no answer (p. 281, references omitted). Some courts may also use the acceptance of the guilty plea itself as proof of factual guilt, and not inquire further. As stated by Justice White in the Alford decision, “[W]hile most pleas of guilty consist of both a waiver of trial and an express admission of guilt, the latter element is not a constitutional requisite to the imposition of criminal penalty.