By Silvia Bonino
This informative and helpful quantity offers a considerable contribution to the knowledge of adolescent chance habit. The publication combines theoretical research and the findings of a broad-based learn undertaking, with available presentation all through.
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Additional resources for Adolescents and risk: Behaviors, functions and protective factors
Based on this foundation, and always in light of our theoretical model, we can identify the main functions of risk behavior in this period of life, as well as the protective factors that allow the same positive functions to be fulfilled in terms of developmental tasks through nonrisk behavior or through involvement in risk behavior that is neither lasting nor serious. This knowledge in turn provides the general methodological indications that can be useful in designing and executing effective prevention programs.
1 Theoretical Framework and Objectives The following chapters report the main findings of a wide-reaching study of risk behavior in adolescents. The study, based on a large sample of secondary school students between the ages of 14 and 19 years, examined different types of behavior that can pose risks, both immediately and in the long term, to the physical, psychological, and social well-being of adolescents: cigarette smoking, the use of marijuana and other drugs, heavy alcohol consumption, precocious and unprotected sex, antisocial behavior, dangerous driving, risk-taking behavior, and disordered eating.
As was already pointed out in the discussion of identification and differentiation, individual identity is not constructed in a vacuum. The individual achieves and expresses individuality through the sharing of experiences, feelings, and emotions with others in the same age group. Many types of risk behavior, because they imply concrete, visible actions carried out with others, offer easy, tangible ways for adolescents to express their identity as part of a group in order to gain recognition, reputation, and popularity.