By W. M. Bernstein
This publication introduces a theoretical framework for learning the brain. in particular, an try out is made to border principles from psychoanalysis and cognitive-social psychology as a way to be taken conveniently right into a realm of neurobiology. Psychoanalytic thought nonetheless represents a truly entire concept of the human brain. It comprises cognitive, emotional and behavioral variables, plus the assumption of subconscious psychological operations. The excitement precept and repetition compulsion have been Freud's so much common thoughts of psychological functioning; right here, the writer renovates those strategies to get them to paintings with principles from social cognition and neurobiology.
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Extra info for A Basic Theory of Neuropsychoanalysis
Conceptual activity is more pleasurable than merely sensing information. This is because: “The brain’s association areas have the greatest density of mu-opioid receptors. In other words, it is the interpretation of visual patterns that leads to the feeling of pleasure” (Biederman & Vessel, 2006, p. 253). McClelland (1978) thought power to be the most pleasurable thing. His claim might be altered to say that the power to get interpretable feedback about the self and the world can promote learning.
That is, for the most part, exam performance was attributed to the factors that would enhance and protect self-esteem and reduce negative feelings regardless of expectancy confirmation. In statistical terms, the “effect size” or importance of C O G N I T I V E A N D M OT I VAT I O N A L T H E O R I E S 23 motivated self-esteem protection and enhancement was five times larger than the expectancy confirmation effect. The point is that both cognitive and motivational factors affect how people think.
Attention The biology and psychology of the conscious and unconscious decisions about how to deploy attention have to be very complex. The first important node in the decision tree is: Old Habit or Something New. If option one is chosen, end of game. If option two wins, then a whole set of new decisions need to be made. These involve coming up with new concepts or applying old concepts in a novel way in the new situation. One may have to search memory; compare the costs and benefits of different behavioural strategies; check the time; and on and on.